N.A.K.A.

New Arrival Kit Assembly

A shelter assembly designed for displaced Syrians living in extreme winter conditions.


Winter 2017
14 WK Project

1.5 Million Syrians in Lebanon

1.5 Million Syrian Refugees have fled to Lebanon since 2011.

“Refugees state that the biggest challenge they face since coming to Lebanon is securing adequate accommodation for their families.” 


-Norwegian Refugee Council

Lebanon

Syria

Syrian Refugees

The Situation

Syrian refugee families are given materials in order to construct their own homes. However, heavy winters in Lebanon limit these homes to a 3-6 month lifespan.

The Problem

The shelters being made for refugee families collapse with the heavy snowfalls during winter. The snowstorms end up cutting off mountain roads, isolating villages and worsening the situation.

The snow is causing the roof to cave.

Materials given to refugee families

12 

3" X 3" Boards

19 

2" X 4" Boards

15

1" X 4" Boards

10

Metal Connectors

10

4' X 8' Plywood

Hammer

Screwdriver

Hand Saw

5

13' X 12' UNHCR Tarps

400 pcs

Nail/Screws

Tools 

Above is a New Arrival Kit from Medair, a humanitarian aid company. A New Arrival Kit is a set of materials and tools are provided to the Syrian refugees upon arrival in Lebanon. 

N.A.K.A. Problem Solving

1. Weight of Snow

A triangular frame:
  - Spreads any force out evenly
  - Offers more base support than that of conventional building methods
  - Uses less building material 

2. Rain and Humidity

Cut the tarps into strips and tile them up the structure:
  - limits the areas where water can collect
  - the strips help to direct water off the roof
  - acts as a way for the humidity to escape during the summer

3. Insulation 

The shape is optimal for snow and wet conditions:
  - the new shape allows for natural air movement inside the shelter
  - uniform heating allows the shelter exterior to freeze and grow the insulation as more snow falls

Base Structure

1

2

4

3

16'

8'

How to build it

The NAKA structure looks complicated but is simple to assemble. First create 4 triangular panels, then raise them into a square and connect them at the top. Lastly, reinforce the connections with metal brackets, and that is the base structure.

Flat joinery

Sloped roof for catching snow

Strong door

header

Second floor

for warmth

The Structure

N.A.K.A.

New Arrival Kit Assembly

- Provides a safe environment for

the refugee families living in Lebanon

- A shelter designed to withstand 
heavy snow fall  

- Utilizes materials and tools that 
are accessible 

© Skyler Coppenrath 2020